Aristotles poetics a guide to writing tragedies

As, in the serious style, Homer is pre-eminent among poets, for he alone combined dramatic form with excellence of imitation so he too first laid down the main lines of comedy, by dramatizing the ludicrous instead of writing personal satire. He came up with the Kydian Formula to distinguish revenge tragedies from other plays.

We might think of these today as simple plot twists. First to express our creativity. Poetry and the Development of Tragedy Poetry in general seems to have sprung from two causes, each of them lying deep in our nature.

Also at the end of the play, both Hieronimo and his accomplices die after they were successful in committing the revenge. The five act structure, the appearance of some kind of ghost, the one line exchanges known as stichomythia, and Seneca's use of long rhetorical speeches were all later used in tragedies by Elizabethan playwrights.

For background on Aristotle, you can go here to see an article on him in the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Hamlet is definitely a great example of a typical revenge tragedy of the Elizabethan theater era. His Margites bears the same relation to comedy that the Iliad and Odyssey do to tragedy.

Hamlet also follows almost every aspect of Thomas Kyd's formula for a revenge tragedy. If Hamlet had done it here then Claudius would have gone to heaven because he confessed while Hamlet's father was in purgatory because he did not get the opportunity to confess.

Both genres have a place in the continuum of literature, but if the goal is to write a good drama then pity and fear must both be present.

Tragedy advanced by slow degrees; each new element that showed itself was in turn developed. Because they help provide the broad emotional range that spell the difference between regular old fiction and great literature. Poetry now diverged in two directions, according to the individual character of the writers.

The perfect plot is simple, not complex. There is bloody action and many deaths that occur throughout the entire play.

Hamlet's delay of killing Claudius takes on three distinct stages. Then Hamlet constantly delays his revenge and always finds a way to put it off until he finally does it in Act V, Scene 2.

Hamlet must now think of how to take revenge on Claudius, although he doesn't know what to do about it. In a perfect tragedy, the character will support the plot, which means personal motivations and traits will somehow connect parts of the cause-and-effect chain of actions producing pity and fear.

The ghost of his father appears to guide Hamlet to Claudius and inform Hamlet of the evil that Claudius has committed. They are at their most effective when they fulfill a certain set of expectations.

Elizabethan Revenge in Hamlet

Comedy, on the other hand, treats of less virtuous people and focuses on human "weaknesses and foibles". For the iambic is, of all measures, the most colloquial we see it in the fact that conversational speech runs into iambic lines more frequently than into any other kind of verse; rarely into hexameters, and only when we drop the colloquial intonation.

Poetics (Penguin Classics) [Aristotle, Malcolm Heath] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Essential reading for all students of Greek theatre and literature, and equally stimulating for anyone interested in literature In the Poetics.

Hamlet is a play written by William Shakespeare that very closely follows the dramatic conventions of revenge in Elizabethan theater. All revenge tragedies originally stemmed from the Greeks, who wrote and performed the first plays. Aristotle’s Poetics Questions and Answers. The Question and Answer section for Aristotle’s Poetics is a great resource to ask questions, find answers, and discuss the novel.

How Aristotle Can Help You Become A Better Writer This article was originally published in The Writer magazine under the title Writing Secrets of the Ancient Greeks, March issue.

Did you know Aristotle was a warg? Thus when Aristotle reviews the development of the theatrical form of tragedy — one actor, second actor, third actor, dialogue, scene-painting, short plot to stories with “greater compass” — I see a parallel to the evolution of storytelling in cinema.

Elizabethan Revenge in Hamlet

Aristotle explains how the most effective tragedies rely on complication and resolution, recognition and reversals, while centring on chaaracerts of heroic stature, idealised yet true to life. One of the most perceptive and influential works of criticism in Western literary history, the Poetics has informed serious thinking about drama ever since/5().

Aristotles poetics a guide to writing tragedies
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Elizabethan Revenge in Hamlet | Novelguide